Bill's favorites through June 2014 from the Great Indian Novel discussions.

A Suitable Boy, by Vikram Seth
A Fine Balance, by Rohinton Mistry
Train to Pakistan, by Khushwant Singh
The God of Small Things, by Arundhati Roy
The Hungry Tide, by Amitav Ghosh
Behind the Beautiful Forevers: Life, Death, and Hope in a Mumbai Undercity, by Katherine Boo
The Glass Palace, by Amitav Ghosh
Nine Lives: In Search of the Sacred in Modern India, by William Dalrymple
The House of Blue Mangoes, by David Davidar (here is a glossary of sorts)

Other favorites:
This is
Last Updated October 1, 2014.